Applicants to FPMRS fellowship must have completed an ACGME-accredited urology or gynecology residency. Fellowship programs vary with regard to whether they accept residents trained in gynecology, urology or both. In general, urology residents are required to complete two years of FPMRS fellowship while gynecology residents must complete three; however, some programs require all fellows to complete three years of training, regardless of whether their core training is in urology or gynecology.
Combined programs are generally open to graduates from either specialty. Some programs have a set alternating pattern of accepting candidates from both specialties. There are also institutions that have parallel dual programs that function separately, but interact with each other to varying degrees with regard to clinical rotations and didactic training.
Based on the above, it is very important to be clear on whether a program is open to your core training specialty (urology or gynecology) during your year of application and what the expected length of training is prior to embarking on the application process.
It is also important to note that your eventual subspecialty certification will be obtained through the specialty board of your residency training (ABU for Urology, ABOG for OB/Gyn), regardless of where you do your fellowship.
Finally, there are non-ACGME-accredited programs, but is important to note that only graduates of accredited fellowships will be eligible for subspecialty Board certification from either the ABU or ABOG. Details regarding non-accredited programs may be found at SUFUorg.com.